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SFpark - Parking Sensors, Real-Time Data, and Demand-Responsive Pricing Improves Parking

San Francisco, CA, USA
Contact Partner

Goverment Champion



3 Million USD

Project Status

Operational since 2020



Challenges Addressed

Civic Technology
Air Quality, Health, Noise
Pedestrian & Bicycle Safety
Process Improvement


Smart city
Sustainable city
Equitable city

Funding / Financing

Federal grants

Project Type


More Reading

SFpark website

At a Glance

SFpark was a federally funded pilot that sought to use innovative technology to test a new approach to manage parking in San Francisco. The ability to collect and utilize real-time data to identify parking availability and implement demand-responsive pricing led to a number of benefits.

Problem Addressed

The San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) identified that historical parking management methods emphasized flat meter rates and short time limits to achieve turnover. However, this method was not convenient for drivers and it did not create optimal levels of parking availability. The SFpark pilot had many goals, but the primary focus was to make parking easier to find.

SFpark used/is using innovative technology and strategies to address this/these challenge(s).

Solution(s) Used

Fybr was the turnkey provider of parking sensor hardware, maintenance, and data delivery for the federally funded SFpark program. Fybr designed, manufactured, installed, and maintained all of the sensor and sensor-supporting hardware (gateways, repeaters) used on the project in addition to approximately 11,000 parking sensors in 8,355 parking spaces monitoring all motorist arrival and departure information for three years. A combined office and maintenance facility of about 10 personnel was maintained and staffed by Fybr in San Francisco for the duration of the contract. The data collected by Fybr was transmitted electronically to the SFpark database.


  1. The amount of time reported to find an available parking space decreased by 43 percent in the pilot areas compared to 13 percent in the control areas.
  2. In SFpark areas, the SFMTA gave 23 percent fewer parking meter-related citations per meter than before the pilot.
  3. Greenhouse gas emissions decreased in the pilot areas by 30 percent compared to 6 percent in the control areas.
  4. Peak-period congestion was reduced and double-parking in pilot areas decreased by 22 percent versus a 5 percent decrease in control areas.
  5. Overall city parking revenue went from $66M annually to $99M within three years.

Something Unique

SFpark was one of the first to implement an innovative approach to parking management and was the largest smart parking deployment in the world.

Other assumptions from the pilot include enhanced economic vitality and safer streets because of increased parking availability and less distracted driving.

Who Should Consider?

Any community looking to reduce traffic congestion, improve the parking experience, and make a positive impact on air quality.

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